The FAIR principle state that all data need to be Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable.


The “Nationale Forschungsdateninfrastruktur” is a joint federal and state initiative to introduce FAIR data compliance across Germany. All scientific fields shall self-organize within three years (2019-2022) into 30 consortia to provide research data management to their fields.


A group of academic institutions working towards a common goal.


A specific area of  research

Task Area

A specific area of research data management

FAIR Digital Object (FDO)

A full technical definition

“A FAIR digital object is a unit composed of data that is a sequence of bits, or a set of sequences ofbits, each of the sequences being structured (typed) in a way that is interpretable by one or more computer systems, and having as essential elements an assigned globally uniqueandpersistent identifier (PID), a type definition for the object as a whole and a metadata description (which itself can be another FAIR digital object) of the properties of the object, making the whole findable, accessible, interoperable and reusable both by humans and computers for the reliable interpretation and processing of the data represented by the object.” (TSIG FDO WG)

A short definition

“A bit sequence with a persistent identifier (pid), metadata and a type” (TSIG FDO WG)


These acronyms refer to digital objects and linked data. More specifically, there are two frameworks associated with the concepts, see the papers issued by the FDO Forum.


Canonical Workflow Framework for Research  (FDO CWFR)